B"H
Parshas Ki-Tei-Zei :
 By: Yaacov Silverstein
e@mail: hm16@popeye.cc.biu.ac.il
HomePage: http://faculty.biu.ac.il/~hm16/webreb.htm
 
 

Parshas Ki-Tei-Zei:

Pasuk (21:10):

Tells us that when "one goes out to war against his enemy, and Hashem will place him into your hands, and you will take captive..."

Comes the Ksav Sofer and asks, shouldn't it say "When you will fight against your enemy?" Why does the Pasuk use the term of "When you will go out to war?

Many explain that the Pasuk is not talking about a physical war, yet it is talking about a war against ones Yetzer Harah. We know from a Gemarah in Mesechta Sucos (52 b) that everyday ones Yetzer tries to overcome him, and if it wasn't for the help of Hashem, one would never be able to overcome his Yetzer.

Thus one needs the help of Hashem, in order to overcome his Yetzer.

However, each one of us is commanded to go to war against our Yetzer, even though, we our selves, have no chance to win the war.

For if we do what is placed on us to do (fight our Yetzer), Hashem will then "Place our enemy into our hands."

Comes Rav Mordechai Gifter and explains that this is the reason why our Pasuk starts off in the plural (Oyvecha) and then changes over to the singular (VehNasnoh).

For in the war against ones Yetzer, the Yetzer uses many tricks and costumes to hide himself, he makes man think that he is fighting against many enemies. Yet really there is only one enemy, the Yetzer.

Rav Shlomo Bloch comes along and explains, that if one does what is commanded upon him, to fight ones Yetzer, than "Veh Shavisah Shivyoh". Not only will you win him, yet you would also get back what the Yetzer was successful in capturing from you. For with correct Teshuvah, ones sins turn into merits.

Comes Rav Yosef Mordechai Gunczler (Sefer Darchei Yam Suf), and explains that there is a Pasuk that says "Tzion Beh Mishpat Tifdeh, UshavehHa BiTzdakah". When a person gives into his Yetzer and sins, it has a negative affect on him, yet one can do Teshuvah and Rosh-Hashana and Yom-Kippur can forgive for his sins. While if one did sins with bad thoughts and was captive to outer forces, than charity could help release him from his sin.

This is the meaning of TeiZei.

Alef - Elul

Taf - Tishrei

Tzadik - Tzedakah.

One can use all these three in the war against his Yetzer.

Now is the time, before Rosh Hashanah, to go out to war against our Yetzer, and use all our weapons, Teshuvah, Tefilah, and Tzedakah - to erase any bad decrees.

Daf-Yomi **SPECIAL**

There is an interesting idea which I saw in last weeks Daf Yomi.

It fits in just right for the month of Ellul, when we try to correct our ways.

We find in the Gemarah (Pesachim 8a right before the wide lines.), that :

"Chor SheBein Adam Leh Chaveiro, Zeh Bodeik Ad Makom Shei Yado Magaat, VehZeh Bodeik Ad Makom Shei Yado Magaat, Veh Hashaar, Mivatlo Beh Libo."

"If there is a hole between a man and his neighbor, this one searches as far as his hand reaches, and this one searches as far as his hand reaches, and the rest each one nullifies in his own heart."

I think that the Gemarah also has a deeper meaning here.

First of all why does the Gemarah use the term "Bein Adam Leh Chavero", this term is almost always used when dealing with the way one acts with his fellow Jew?

I think that the Gemarah may be hinting to us some important Mussar.

When two people have a hole between one and another, such as an argument or a fight...

Each one should check himself, and not his friend, as much as his own hand reaches into the argument, and check where he may be wrong, what part of the "Chametz" is his.

After doing this inner searching, and each one tries to see why he may be guilty (and not the other), than all what is left is to erase the rest from his heart, and forgive the other.

For this is the way a Jew should act, he must be like Aharon, a lover of peace and a lover of his fellow Jew, and to chase after peace.


 

Halacha:


This weeks Parsha tells us about the commandment of Shatnez. One is forbidden to wear a garment which has mixed into its material, wool and linen.

When one wears clothing that is made up of Shatnez(which is forbidden by the Torah), every second he wears it, he is doing a sin.

There is no minimum amount of how much linen is mixed with wool, or wool with linen. It is forbidden to wear even if there is only one thread mixed into the other.

If one has a piece of clothing that is Shatnez, and can't be fixed, he should burn it.

Shatnez is Muktza on Shabbos, and is forbidden to move.

Only wool from sheep is forbidden to mix with linen, yet wool from a camel or rabbit are allowed to be mixed with linen.

At times a manufacturer may use stuffing that is made up of many materials mixed together. This is done by grinding the materials together. If one has this in his clothing, at times it is permissible, at times it isn't.

At times shoes are stitched together using a linen string. In this case, there are those that are careful not to wear wool socks with such shoes.

One should also be careful and make sure that his mattresses and couch pillows are not made out of Shatnez. Especially if they are soft, thus when one sits on them, they go around ones body.

One is allowed to enter a tent made out of Shatnez, as long as it doesn't touch his body.

One is allowed to mix wool and linen together if it is done for a Non-Jew, to be sold. (when it will not be sold to another Jew).