B"H
Parshas Pinchas :
 By: Yaacov Silverstein
e@mail: hm16@popeye.cc.biu.ac.il
HomePage: http://faculty.biu.ac.il/~hm16/webreb.htm
 
 

Parshas Pinchas:

Pasuk (25:11):

We find that Pinchas comes along with a sword and kills the sinner Zimri with Kazbi in one strike.

We learn from this incident with Pinchas acting in zeal, that if one acts violently to another, in the name of religious zeal, yet it was motivated, even partially by ones insincere motives, it is invalidated and judged just like any other act of violence is judged. For in Pinchas's case, the only reason why he had miracles performed for him and the plague stopped was because he didn't even have a slight element of personal motivation in his plans.

We also know that for the sin that Zimri did , there is a Din of "Kanayim Pogim Bo", yet Chazal say "Ayn Morim Boh". The reason for this is, because it all depends on ones heart, this Halacha only applies if one is 100% doing his zeal "L'Shem Shamayim.

Comes Rav Michel Barenbaum and explains that there is a Gemarah in Yoma(22:b) that brings down that Rav Yochanan said .."Any Talmid Chacham who does not act with vengeance and bare hatred like a snake is not a Torah scholar".

We see from here that a Rav of a community or Rebbe, must act strongly against wrongdoers, yet why does Rav Yochanan use the snake?

The answer is that we find by all the other animals, they bite their prey, in order to injure it and than have it as food. However, when the snake bites its prey, he doesn't eat it, he gets no enjoyment out of the attack.

Same is true by a Talmid Chacham, he must remove all his personal interests, and only lash out, for the sake of Hashem.

Only one who has the ability to overcome his personal feelings and does it all for Hashem, only he can use his zealousness to kill a person, by the case of Zimri.

Perhaps this is why Moshe felt he couldn't do the judgment, since Zimri asked Moshe if what he was doing is wrong, and asked, "Why was it different than Moshe taking Tziporah."

Rav Michel explains that it is possible that Moshe didn't feel that he could completely remove his personal feelings in this case, and thus he couldn't kill him out of true zealousness.

When we at times perform a Mitzvah with great zeal, let us make sure that we really are doing the Mitzvah for Hashem has commanded us. And not in order to make us look good in others eyes, or for personal revenge.
 

 

Halacha:
 This weeks Parsha contains the section that we read on Rosh Chodesh during Shacharis.

There are two opinions how the reading should be carried out.
1. We call up four people for the Torah reading.

Pasuk (28:1)-(28:3)

"Vayedaber Hashem"....till....."Olah Tamid"

Pasuk (28:3)-(28:5)

"VehAhmarta Lahem".....till..... "Reviis HaHin"

Pasuk (28:5)-(28:10)

"Olas Tamid"......till..... "VehNiskah"

Pasuk(28:11)-(28:15)

"UhvehRoshei Chodshaychem"......till..... "VehNisko"

This first opinion is the way most of the shul's read the Torah on Rosh Chodesh.
 

2. We call up four people for the Torah reading. Pasuk (28:1)-(28:3)

"Vayedaber Hashem"....till....."Olah Tamid"

Pasuk (28:4)-(28:8)

"Olah Tamid" ...till.... "Nichoach L'Hashem"

Pasuk (28:5)-(28:10)

"Olas Tamid"......till..... "VehNiskah"

Pasuk(28:11)-(28:15)

"UhvehRoshei Chodshaychem"......till..... "VehNisko"

This second opinion is that of the G"rah

Summary: The Misheneh Berurah brings down (Shulchan Aruch -423) that we have one Parsha with 8 Pesukim that 3 people have to read. We also know that the minimum that one is required to read for each Aliyah is 3 Pesukim.
Therefore in order for each person to read at least three Pesukim in their Aliyah, one has to repeat some Pesukim.
The Mishneh Berurah brings down the opinion of the Mechaber (first opinion above), and then he also brings down the second opinion (G"rah).
The Biur Halacha brings down that one should be careful and distance himself from a Mahlokes.

To tie this in with the Parsha, one must try to do Mitzvos with zeal, yet stay away from the Machlokes.
If we all work on ourselves and accomplish this, than we will all merit:
"Lachein Emor, Hinneni Notein Loh Eis Brisi Shalom"