B"H
Parshas Maatos-Maasei :
 By: Yaacov Silverstein
e@mail: hm16@popeye.cc.biu.ac.il
HomePage: http://faculty.biu.ac.il/~hm16/webreb.htm
 
 

Parshas Matos-Maasei:

Pasuk (31:5):

We see from this Pasuk, that the Bnei Yisroel had to be convinced to go to war with Midyan.

Why was there an need to convince them?

Comes Rashi and explains that the Bnei Yisroel knew that Moshe would die after this war, therefore they felt that by going to war they were speeding up Moshe's death, and thus the loss of their leader. Comes Rashi and says, this is the greatness of a true leader of Israel.

Before they knew that Moshe would die, they had many complaints, Moshe even said they were ready to stone him to death (Shemos 17:4), yet here we see the great love of Bnei Yisroel to their leader.

Now Rashi is trying to tell us something here, what?

Comes the Stiepler and explains in (Krinah Deh Igrasa) that this is indeed a proof of the love of the Bnei Yisroel towards their leader.

He brings down Rav Yisroel Salant, who says that each person has in him two types of forces.

The first, is the revealed forces. The second is that of hidden forces, ones inner feelings.

He gives a Mashal of a Rebbe who has a son and a Talmid.

He is not satisfied with his son, yet his student is very beloved to him.

When people see him, they see that he shows more love to his Talmid, than his own son.

However, if there was a fire in his house, he would run to save his son before his Talmid.

Why is this? Because in his inner self, the love of his son is greater.

Comes the Stiepler and says this is what Rashi is coming to tell us.

If the Bnei Yisroel wouldn't have wanted to stone Moshe Rabbeinu, and they would readily go out to war, we would easily assume that their love to Moshe is only external, and not an inner love.

However, now that Rashi explains that they were ready to stone Moshe, yet when they heard that Moshe's death was near, they had an inner uplifting and refused to go to war, this is the proof that their love for Moshe was true and sincere. For they had a deep inner tie with their leader Moshe.

This is the praise to the leader of the Bnei Yisroel.

It is not the outside actions that are the most important, its the inner feelings.

A lot of times people look at the exterior actions of a person. Because of this, a Ben Torah must be careful the way he acts. However, in order to test a true Ben Torah, one must not look only on the outside, yet the inner is most important.

When it comes down to true Yiras Shamayim, is the Ben Torah still there as a Ben Torah.

Pasuk: (35:28)

This Pasuk describes a scenario where one has killed another unintentionally and he runs off to a city of refuge.

One must remain in the city of refuge until the death of the Kohen Gadol.

What was the reason of one waiting until the death of the Kohen Gadol?

Comes the Rambam (brought down by Rav Z. Pliskin) and explains that the nature of a person who suffers a serious misfortune(death of a family member), has his suffering a bit relieved if he sees that others also have suffered in a similar way. And that all the bad things are not only happening to him.

So when the Kohen Gadol died, it was a partial consolation for the relatives of the deceased, and they will no longer feel the great passion of revenge that they had before his death.

At times one may feel that his suffering is the greatest, yet he just has to open his eyes and see that there are those who suffer more than him.

For ones degree of inner pain is dependent on ones subjective evaluation of his own suffering.

 

Halacha:

This week Parsha tells the Bnei Yisroel how to Kasher the vessels that they received as booty. There are 4 levels of Kashering.

Tevilah - New vessels never used yet, that are purchased from a non-Jew.

Hagalah - If the non-Jew used this vessel on a fire, even one time, one needs to do Hagalah to the vessel, in boiling hot water.

Libun - If the item was used by a fire, than it needs Libun with a fire.

Break - If it is an earthenware vessel , one must break it since one can't fix it.

The reason for the need of Kashering ones vessels is because the pots and pans absorb the flavor of the food cooked in them. And we consider the flavor of the food to be the same as the food itself (Ta'am Ki Ikar).

We learn out from this weeks Parsha the obligation of Kashering.

The obligation to immerse new utensils that were obtained from a non-Jew is explained in the Gemarah that it is learned out from a Gzeiras Ha-Katuv.

Most Torah Authorities hold that Tevilas Keilim is a Torah Law, yet they still hold that the prohibition against using a utensil before it over-went Tevilah, is Rabbinical.

One is required to Tovel, any metal utensil that is used in the preparation of food and comes in contact with food.

The Torah does not require one to Tovel wood, bone or earthen utensils.

The Gemarah in Avoda Zarah(75:b) says that the Biblical Law includes glass, to need Tevilah.

Yet most Halachik authorities hold that glass is only Rabbinical.

(Part of this Halacha Byte was taken from the Sefer Tevilas Kelim -Rabbi Zvi Cohen)

For final Halachik decision one must ask his Rabbi and not rely on the above.

Other Possible Halachik Topics in this weeks Parsha:

Nedarim

Not eating meat between 17th of Tamuz and 9Av(Tur O.C. 551) based on The Sefer Binyan Sholmo - Rav Shlomo Hakohen, Vilna. (Tallelei Oros pg242).

Shnaim Mikra Echad Targum (Berachos 8:a Rashi) Atoros VehDivon.


Good Shabbos!