In this weeks Parsha, we have Korach, a Levi, who comes with a claim, that he wants to be included with the sons of Aharon, to serve as a Cohen, bringing sacrificial services.
He was jealous of them.
Yet we know that it says that "Kinas Sofrim Tarbeh Chachma".
Meaning that at times one should be jealous?
Also, we find by Aharon that he wanted to be included with the Nesiim.
Why in the case of Aharon, do we find that he had the right to feel "left out"?
One may give an answer that there is are two types of jealousy (or wish to be like).
One of the types, is similar to the actions of Aharon. He didn't want to be instead of them, he wanted to be with them, included with them in serving Hashem.
The other type we find by Korach, he wanted to be instead of Aharon and his sons, in serving Hashem.
This was his
Korach was correct that every Jew is special, we are all holy, and make up a holy nation. Yet there is another aspect of holiness, this depends on ones personal merit.
The greater a person tries in serving Hashem, the greater his degree of holiness.
Korach was constantly mentioning the inherent holiness of Clal Yisroel, skipping out the holiness of the individual, which Hashem picks.
by Hashem, had the extra personal merit and thus made him superior
to others. (Rav Yosef Dov Solveitchik).
As we know, one who runs away from honor, the honor chases after him (Aharon).
One who chases after honor, the honor runs away from him.
(This DT is
brought to you by Yaccov S. with the help/thanx to/of YMS).
The Pasuk says that Moshe spoke to Korach, and all the rest of the gathering, saying, "In the morning Hashem will make known who is his and who is his loved one. The one who is his own, and is holy, He will bring close to Himself".
The Medrash Tanchuma (Siman 5) brings down that Moshe was saying to them,
"Hashem made boundaries to separate day and night, do you think that you can come along and mix up day and night?".
For as we see in Parshas Bereishis, Hashem separated light and darkness, for the benefit of the world.
" The same way Hashem has separated us from the Goyim, and the same way Hashem separated Aharon.
Just like you (Korach) can't mix the first separation, of light and darkness, the same to here, you can't mix Aharon with the rest of the nation."
This we see clearly in the Pasuk, for it says, "Morning, and Hashem will make known...". Just like the morning is a fact that it is separated from the darkness, the same to it is a fact that Aharon is separated and chosen to lead in serving Hashem, and they have no ability to change this.
The Medrash in Bereishis also brings support, that Hashem called light, day, for these are the good deeds of the Tzadikim. While Hashem called darkness, night, for this is the bad deeds of the wicked.
Comes the Maggid
of Dubno and explains with a Mashal:
A rich businessman comes to a store, in the middle of the night.
The guy enters the store, the store owner quickly opens the lights, and sets up his goods.
The salesman asks the merchant if he wants to buy the cheaper or more expensive merchandise.
Answers the rich business man and says that to him there is no difference between the cheaper and the more expensive merchandise, they all have the same value in his eyes.
Therefore, he wants to take any merchandise that he wants at one set price.
Whatever he buys, he is only willing to purchase it, if all the items have the same price.
When the salesman heard this, he closed all the lights in the store, and then told the businessman to pick what merchandise that he wants, at a flat price.
"What, what are you doing, I can't see anything," said the business man.
The merchant answered him, "Didn't you say that in your eyes, it is all worth the same, if so what need do you have for the light?".
Comes the Maggid and explains that, Hashem created the world, and light.
Light, is the wisdom and intellect, the light was created for one to be able to discern with his own intellect, the benefits that one may have over his fellow friend.
To be able to see the value in a person. And that we are not equal, each person has his special qualities in him.
Comes Korach and says that the whole Congregation is equal, no one is on a higher level than anyone else, if so than there is no need for light, wisdom to discern between one and the other.
Yet Hashem has
separated light from the darkness, for this is the need of the
world, so to Aharon has been separated from the rest of Klal Yisroel,
because he is to serve in the Kodesh Ha Kodashim.
When a Yisraelit gives birth to a first born son, this new born child is required to be redeemed from a Cohen, on the 31'st day after his birth. He must be a first born to his mother.
If he is only a first born to his father and not to his mother, he is not redeemed.
One must redeem his son with the value of 5 Shekalim = 5 Selaim.
This amount is equal to around 3.5 ounces of silver, which comes out to about 6 silver dollars. When using silver dollars, one must make sure that they are the older ones, that actually contain silver in them.
Also, it is
not dependent on the coin of the country (like we find by the
giving of the Machsitz Ha-Shekel.
The money given by the father to the Cohen must be completely given to the Cohen, it can't be a Matanah Al Mnat L'Hachzir.(Some say one can in certain cases).
the Cohen wants he may return the money, yet this should not be
a common act, and only in cases where the father has financial
Note that a Pidyon Ha-Ben is done on a Peter-Rechem, the first one to exit the
This is different than one who is a Bechor Nachalah, for in this
case he would go according to the first son of the father.
A child which is born through a special cesarean section, and does not break the wall of his mothers womb, like in a normal birth, he is not the first born, for Pidyon.
Since he must come out of his mothers womb.
The Mechaber writes, that if there is another boy born after the first (by a cesarean section), there is also no Pidyon for him. Since we need one to be both the first and Peter Rechem.
In a case where the first son came from an cesarean section, yet was a Nefel, in this case the second son (if he went through his mothers womb) would have a Pidyon (Rebbi Akiva Eiger). This is so since he is Peter-Rechem, and lives.
A first born that comes from an cesarean section has to fast on Erev Pesach, even though he is not considered a Peter Rechem and not a first born by inheritance.
states that even though the first born baby boy, didn't have his
Bris Milah(he was sick ...), he still may have a Pidyon Ha-Ben
done on the 31 day.
For actual Psak Halacha, please don't use the above, and please ask your Local Reliable Orthodox Rabbi